Lei of the Land

I saw these beautiful leis at the Hanalei Farmers’ Market. These were not the full leis that one normally sees in Hawaii, but elegant strings of plumeria, bougainvillea and crown flowers, the first two growing in abundance on Kauai and Oahu throughout my visit.

Who Has the Best Shave Ice in Hawaii?

Asking this question is tricky in Hawaii. There are SO MANY shave ice places that I doubt anyone can realistically answer it. I’ve been to, I’d say, ten different sellers of this ultimate refreshment, and that number doesn’t even come close to how many places offer it. Can I still ask the question, who sells the best shave ice in Hawaii? A qualified yes because those at two have been so extraordinarily good that I can’t imagine their being made any better (Waiola and Wailua, see below).

Islanders use the term shave ice, with no ‘d,’ in all likelihood a byproduct of Hawaiian pidgin. The best ones consist of ice as fluffy and powdery as snow. The ‘snow cones’ I’ve had on the mainland are more like finely crushed ice and while refreshing, they’re crunchier than their island siblings. It takes special machines, which are made in Japan, that literally scrape a rotating block of ice with a very sharp blade to produce shave ice so fine. And it isn’t just this quality that makes it desirable; the syrups poured on top truly become suspended in it and pretty much resist pooling at the bottom of the cone until much later. As a mainlander, tropical fruit syrups are what makes Hawaiian shave ice so special. Why should I come to Hawaii only to have a blueberry- or lemon-flavored topping, you dig?

My first introduction to Hawaiian shave ice was at Matsumoto’s in Hale’iwa (along Oahu’s North Shore), without doubt the most popular place in all of Hawaii. Zillions of fans, including busloads of tourists (mostly from Japan), queue up daily, definitely off-putting if you dislike long lines, even more so if you hate hunting for a parking spot, even along the streets of town. The shave ice was pretty good then.


Our first visit to Matsumoto’s (2010)

Unfortunately, on the last visit to Matsumoto’s in 2014, I noticed a definite decline in the quality of their ice—coarser, more granular, enough that the syrups quickly ran down to the bottom, leaving the ice above more devoid of flavor than usual. Was churning out 1,000 shave ices daily taking a toll?

Also in 2014, my wife and I visited Waiola Shave Ice near Waikiki, in Barack Obama’s old stomping grounds as a youth, along the Kapahulu Avenue corridor of outstanding eateries. This was a revelation. Their product was ever so light, almost immediately melting under the warm Hawaiian sun. A plastic spoon inserted in the core met almost no resistance. If you compare the images immediately above and below, you’ll notice a more uniform spread of syrup in Waiola’s product. Drained ice is already beginning to show in Matsumoto’s. You’ll even see a difference in texture.


Waiola Shave Ice (2014)

This year, we returned to Waiola, but to the outlet at Ward Warehouse. The shave ice was as downy as before, the lilikoi syrup most intense. I suspect that their mango is similarly good.

While in Kauai only three weeks ago, our traveling party managed to stop at three ice stores. Wishing Well in Hanalei commendably uses organic ingredients, operates out of a food truck, but we only tasted a small scoop of their yuzu-ginger, which was subtle. In Koloa, after a short hike along the Maha’ulepu Heritage Trail in nearby Poipu, we refreshed ourselves at Uncle’s Shave Ice, which has an intriguing product called shave snow based on Taiwanese shaved ice (flavored milk ice scraped into ribbons rather than powder), which unfortunately I didn’t try. While these two places served good examples of the refreshment, our favorite on Kauai was Wailua Shave Ice (also top image), doing business from a trailer parked on an empty lot in Kapa’a. Their ice measured up to Waiola’s, like gently packed mounds of snow drift, so delicate that a spoon prod caused the ice to slump. But, equally astonishing were the syrups made with fresh seasonal fruit. You can literally taste the fruit essence captured in them.


Wailua Shave Ice (2016)

I’ve been noticing a growing trend of adding all sorts of stuff to shave ice: ice cream, mochi balls, nuts, fruits, li hing mui powder, snow cap, azuki beans. This is a crossover from Taiwanese shaved ice (xue hua bing). While tasty, ice cream has a tendency to crystalize and harden the part of the ice in contact with it.

uncleclay - 1

Ice cream underneath shave ice (Uncle Clay’s House of Pure Aloha)


Shave ice with azuki beans and mochi balls, Waiola (image from Yelp by Gary N.)

Almost always, I prefer simplicity—ice, syrup and me. Everything else gets in the way.

So, who has the best shave ice in Hawaii? Well, I have my two favorite places. It’s likely I’ll add to the list as I continue my shave ice exploration on the islands.

How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways—Kauai’s Taro

Kauai has lots of taro fields. Not that the Garden Isle has exclusive claim to them, but the North Shore is considered the best place on the Islands to grow taro. Over half of all poi in Hawaii is made from Kauai taro. Around Hanalei, you drive past the fields on all sides. The largest farm in Hawaii is here (Haraguchi Farm). In Princeville, the Hanalei Valley Overlook has a commanding view of the fields against a spectacular backdrop of waterfalls and mountains, including the twin peaks of Hihimanu.

hanalei overlook

View from Hanalei Overlook (click to enlarge)

taro field

Taro field in Hanalei

Given its prominence on Kauai, it’s no surprise that taro takes center stage. Besides poi at restaurants, there are two businesses that use taro as one of the main ingredients. Taro Ko Factory in Hanapepe makes highly sought after taro (as well as Okinawan sweet potato, regular potato and breadfruit) chips for sale only on its premises, made fresh daily until they run out, which happens daily. Unfortunately for us, we were too late, even if we got there in early afternoon.

Taro chips, Taro Ko Factory (image posted on Yelp by Susan K.)

Taro chips, Taro Ko Factory (image posted on Yelp by Susan K.)

In Hanalei, a food wagon (Hanalei Taro & Juice Co.) uses the corm as an ingredient in many menu items, including hummus, smoothie, veggie burger, even in a vinaigrette that’s served with their Kalua pork salad. It’s also in their famous taro mochi cake, a lightly sweet dessert made dense by the addition of rice flour. Their pork and chicken lau lau, of course, use taro leaves.

Taro mochi cake

Taro mochi cake

While it’s safe to say that Browning wasn’t thinking of taro when she wrote her sonnet, she’d agree that you might fall in love with its many forms when you visit Kauai.

Oahu Grinds—Local Food and Spirits

What’s a week on Oahu without glutting ourselves on local grinds? We revisited some old ‘friends’ and made some new ones. Hawaii is the land of shave ice; we did our best to support that sub-economy, as much to have the best in the world as to be a foil for the Hawaiian sun. Wherever we could include island fruits in our diet, whether it be fresh or as flavorings, we didn’t refuse. In the flow of cocktails, wine and beer that crossed our lips, the most interesting spirit turned out to be agricole rum that we sampled at a distillery in Kunia.

Me Bar-B-Q (Waikiki, Honolulu)

Our taxi driver who picked us up Honolulu Airport recommended the barbecue restaurant near where we were staying. “Lots of food, good prices,” he said. As it turns out, Me Bar-B-Q was on my short list of new places to check out anyway. What a terrific way to start dining experiences on Oahu! The BBQ is likely a reference to the Korean style of grilling meat and vegetables at table, but really the word limits how this cafe should be seen, a place that serves Korean food in huge, delicious portions in styrofoam clamshell containers that seems right at home with Hawaiian plate lunches. There are a few tables outside for customers (no grilling), but most people order takeout. The small ordering area belies the extensive menu, ranging from kal bi, chicken katsu, man doo, bi bim bap, fried squid, oxtail soup, yook gae jang, seafood pa jeun, Korean wings, and more. Most dishes come with four ‘sides’ (along with two scoops of rice) but they are really banchan. And how about breakfast at 7am—2 fried eggs, 2 scoops rice with your choice of bacon, spam, Portuguese sausage or corned beef hash? Yowza!

The combination plate of kal bi and chicken katsu was terrific, as were the sides of broccoli, cabbage kim chee, spicy cucumbers and chap chae. The two meat preparations were as good as I’ve had anywhere.

On another night, I got an order of Korean Spicy Chicken Wings, whose batter was too thick and crunchy, the wings served sauceless, tasty nonetheless.

Me Bar-B-Q
151 Uluniu Ave
Honolulu, HI 96815

Musubi Cafe Iyasume (Waikiki, Honolulu)

Iyasume was also near our accommodations in Waikiki, with an entrance on Kuhio (part of the Aqua Pacific Monarch Hotel) and two additional (and more direct) ones on Uluniu. It’s been getting a lot of love; it made Yelp’s top 100 places to eat in 2016 and the local media praised it. This kind of rice ball can be eaten any time of day, which is the reason it opens daily at 6:30am and closes at 8pm. Every musubi is wrapped in plastic wrap, which helps to prevent them from drying out. It’s best eaten when still warm, which is how they’re sold at Iyasume. A small quibble is that their spam is flavored with teriyaki sauce; I like mine just plain fried. But, otherwise all their musubi are spot on. They’ve become so popular that other Waikiki outlets have opened up.

Musubi Cafe Iyasume
2427 Kuhio Ave
Honolulu, HI

Hawaii Crown Plantation (Waikiki, Honolulu)

Hawaii consistently has the best pineapples I have ever eaten. Maybe because they’re field ripened. They’re so sweet and juicy. Here, not once did I ever have anything less than excellent. Mainlanders who have access to the fruit from faraway places may be excused for possibly not being too gaga over pineapples, but they would quickly change their minds if they have what Hawaiians have available to them, seemingly year-round. We went through two whole pineapples in a week, purchased at the Waikiki Food Pantry. Only two blocks away from the supermarket is Hawaii Crown Plantation that not only sells chocolates, coffee and mac nuts, but pineapples that are grown at their Big Island and Oahu farms. They also make smoothies. The pineapple one is the most refreshing smoothie I’ve had in a long time.



Hawaii Crown Plantation
159 Kaiulani Ave, Ste 105
Honolulu, HI 96815

Leonard’s Bakery (Kaimuki, Honolulu)

No trip to Honolulu, indeed all of Hawaii, would be complete without a pilgrimage to Leonard’s, home of the malasadas. Every malasada is warm out of the oven. In the plain-versus-filled wars, I’m in the latter camp, their creamy tropical fruit fillings making me forget that I’m not really a fan of custards. We did not have a chance to sample Champion’s, though doubtless one day we will.

Haupia and mango malasadas

Haupia and mango malasadas

Leonard’s Bakery
933 Kapahulu Ave
Honolulu, HI 96816

Fumi’s Kahuku Shrimp (Kahuku)

We love Fumi’s, absolutely love it. It doesn’t get the adoration or crowds of Giovanni’s or Romy’s. They use plenty of butter and garlic, which already is a recipe for decadence. Plus, their shrimp is very fresh, shells intact (except for their fried shrimp), backs slit perfectly and cleanly deveined. The shells are easy to remove in one or two quick pulls. Lots of good sauce coats the shells, so I find it imperative to suck it off before peeling. My favorite is their Spicy Garlic Shrimp whose sauce is a to-die-for combination of butter, garlic, chile pepper sauce and sriracha. The sauce over rice is enough incentive to finish both scoops, when normally I might not eat it all.

Fumi’s Kahuku Shrimp
56-777 Kamehameha Hwy
Kahuku, HI 96731

Ted’s Bakery (Haleiwa)

Recently, Ted’s added island foods to its menu of pies and cakes. I’ve not had any because I can’t get past Fumi’s. I only stop at Ted’s for its legendary chocolate haupia pie, the single dessert item that made it famous. It’s even sold in Honolulu at local supermarkets, it’s that popular. We’ve stopped here each time we do a North Shore run, just for a slice of that pie.


Ted’s chocolate haupia cream pie

Ted’s Bakery
59-024 Kamehameha Hwy
Sunset Beach, HI 96712

Jimbo Restaurant (Moiliili, Honolulu)

I hate when the food changes at your favorite restaurants. We’d been to Jimbo twice before, and I loved their nabeyaki udon. The noodles were wonderfully chewy and the broth soul-satisfyingly rich and flavorful. The current disappointing version consists of oddly cut noodles (thinly rectangular in cross-section) and while starting out firm, they quickly became soft. And the broth? It had none of the smoky and umami-deep flavor of my memories, having transformed into a thinner version of the original. My sister-in-law’s curry was ordinary. Sadly, it was the only restaurant on this trip that didn’t equal our previous experience. I will not be going back. Marukame now has a better udon.

Jimbo Restaurant
1936 S King St #103
Honolulu, HI 96826

Eggs ‘n Things (Waikiki, Honolulu)

My wife really loves the Portuguese sausage here, made specially for Eggs ‘n Things. It really is tasty, not quite as garlicky as our favorite commercial brand (Purity). I also like their fried rice. We usually refrain from their sweet breakfast items, like their famous (and gigantically sized) pancakes (their syrups are cloyingly sweet). This time, we went to the Kalakaua branch in Waikiki rather than the flagship restaurant on Saratoga (also in Waikiki, across from the post office) . There was a line out the door, but we got seated within 30 minutes. The operation is more regimented here, from (politely) insisting on an orderly waiting line, to ordering and paying for your breakfast before getting seated, even requesting that your party not spread out too much when pre-ordering lest you block the entrance. The younger staff also are less genuinely friendly than the old-timers on Saratoga.

Eggs ‘n Things Waikiki Beach Eggspress
2464 Kalakaua Ave
Honolulu, HI 96815

Manulele Distillers (Kunia Camp)

Manulele is one of the rare distilleries that make agricole rum—rum made from cane sugar (which the Hawaiians call kō) rather than molasses and other ingredients. Located on several acres of what used to be part of the Dole sugar cane fields, Manulele produces several styles of rum— whites, barrel-aged and liqueur, the manufacture of which were explained on a (fee-based) tour we took. I’m not a rum enthusiast, but I was surprised by how much I enjoyed their distinct flavor profiles. Rum-tasting is available. A very eco-friendly, socially conscious operation.

Manulele Distillers
92-1770 Kunia Rd #227
Kunia Camp, HI 96759

Uncle Clay’s House of Pure Aloha (Honolulu)

It’s worth the drive out to the Aina Haina Shopping Center to get shave ice made with fruit-based syrups and combined with Tahitian vanilla ice cream. The ice wasn’t as fluffy as Wailua Shave Ice in Kapa’a (Kauai) or Waiola Shave Ice in Honolulu, but fine enough. Classic Rainbow (strawberry, mango, and pineapple syrups) and Tropical Delight (guava, pineapple and lilikoi syrups) were extremely good.

Uncle Clay’s House of Pure Aloha
820 W Hind Dr #116
Honolulu, HI 96821

Side Street Inn on Da Strip (Kaimuki, Honolulu)

It’s a good idea to book a reservation here, otherwise the wait can be a bit long during popular dinner hours. This place opened up on Kapahulu to be closer to the Waikiki crowd (the famous original is near Ala Moana Shopping Center). Portions tend to be large, so sharing is essential. It’s best to come with a large party to taste more than a few things. Two years ago, we thought highly of their Da’ Works Fried Rice and Da’ Famous Pan Fried Island Pork Chops, both signature dishes. This time around, Kula’s Farmer Blend Salad, a good salad, had an interesting garnish of fried Okinawan sweet potato curls and capers. But, leathery beyond belief was their special Chinese-Style Pork Ribs. Better was Misoyaki Chicken, cooked perfectly with nice grill marks.

Side Street Inn on Da Strip
614 Kapahulu Ave
Honolulu, HI 96815

The Pig and the Lady (Chinatown, Honolulu)

My sister-in-law read about The Pig and the Lady and took us there for dinner back in 2014. It’s located in Honolulu’s Chinatown and has a non-descript storefront that you would be hard-pressed to associate with one of Bon Appetit’s best restaurants of 2014. After that memorable dinner, my wife and I saw their stand at Honolulu’s Saturday Market and had one of the best sandwiches we ever ate (Pho French Dip). So, it was a no-brainer to go back. We originally intended to have dinner there, but it was booked solid throughout our entire stay. We went for lunch instead, sharing the Pho French Dip Sandwich, Laotian Fried Chicken Wings and Smoked Eggplant & Crispy Rice. The sandwich was as legendary as before. The eggplant appetizer was kind of like baba ghanoush with Vietnamese flavors on toasted crispy rice crackers. Crispier wings I’ve never had. With that killer sauce (and fried shallots, roasted peanuts and finely shredded kaffir lime leaves), it was all I could do not to order another round. Superb.

But, the amazement didn’t stop there. We shared a couple desserts. P&L has what it calls a soft serve program in which a special frozen custard and sorbet are featured for limited times. Today’s custard was lilikoi. Infused with coconut liqueur (I think the waitress said), sprinkled with candied mac nuts and generously served with Frangelico whipped cream, the pumpkin chiffon pie was divine. The Pig and the Lady is a stellar restaurant, clearly the best dining experience of our entire trip.

The Pig and The Lady
83 N. King St.
Honolulu, HI 96817

Grilled Abalone (KCC Saturday Farmers’ Market, Kaimuki)

The Big Island farms abalone that is sold commercially, mainly to Japan. They are also sold at the Honolulu farmers’ market every Saturday. Rather small in size (a species from Northern Japan called ezo), they’re grilled and sold in pairs. Once you pick up your order, you can sprinkle any number of sauces on them, including soy sauce, bottled lemon juice and yuzu sauce. They’re meaty and mild in flavor and a unique experience if you’ve never had fresh abalone.

OnoPops (KCC Saturday Farmers’ Market, Kaimuki)

Ice pops seem to be the rage these days. As with many things mundane, artisanal updates use quality ingredients, sometimes organic, including fresh local fruit, such as OnoPops based in Kauai. As you would expect, quite a few island fruits get to show off their flavors. I got their lychee pop. It wasn’t strongly flavored of the fleshy nut and was too crunchy, like ice cubes, as if it had partially thawed and re-froze.

onopop - 1

Lychee pop

Mean Da Chicken (Kaka’ako, Honolulu)

Huli huli chicken is the signature chicken dish of Hawaii. Recipes usually call for teriyaki blend (half soy sauce, half sugar), ketchup and pineapple juice. They’re grilled over kiawe wood in large barbecue trailers and can be seen only on weekends where some sort of fund-raiser is going on. We’ve never been lucky enough to stumble on one, mostly because we don’t usually have a car (except a rental to go to the North Shore). So, I went on an internet search for more stationery merchants and found three. One is in Haleiwa (Ray’s Kiawe Broiled Chicken, only on Saturdays), one in Kaneohe (Mike’s Huli Chicken, everyday) and one across from Ward Warehouse in Honolulu (Saturdays only). The last used to be Stanley’s Huli Huli Style BBQ Chicken but is now (or been replaced by) Mean Da Chicken. Da Bag included a half chicken, 2 musubi, choice of kim chee or chips and a drink. You can also get just a half chicken (no sides). Flavors were smoky, savory and slightly sweet, nicely balanced. The problem was that by the time we got there at noon, the grilling had already been done and the chicken sealed in plastic baggies and kept hot in containers. This promoted steaming and ruined the crispy skin. While the dark meat was succulent, the breast meat was too dry. Nothing is served on plates; everything is packed in a brown bag and in plastic grocery bags, which makes things messy when you want to eat on the spot. Overall, not the best experience but a tasty chicken.

Grilling huli chicken (image on Yelp by Nadine C.)

Half chicken (image from Yelp by Lori I.)

Mean Da Chicken
940 Auahi
Honolulu, HI 96814
(Sports Authority parking lot across from Ward Warehouse)

Waiola Shave Ice (Kaka’ako, Honolulu)

I noticed it first when we strolled through Ward Warehouse a few days before. The great Waiola Shave Ice just off Kapahulu Ave now has an operation at the Warehouse. Plus, there are places to sit down in a common eating area shared with other restaurants. What intrigued me was a product called milk ice (which seems like a variation of Taiwanese snow ice). This is the way they describe it: “Made with real cane sugar, regular milk, and concentrated syrup which contains real fruit juice. After we mix the liquids, then we add the shave ice and mix it up again. Finally, we dress it up with condensed milk and fruit toppings.” They were very good, both the lilikoi and mango versions. They’re thicker than regular shave ice because of the milk, almost custardy. They come only in the ‘large’ size—humongous. Next time, I’ll stick with regular shave ice, which my wife did. She ordered one with an intense flavor of lilikoi.

Mango milk ice (image from Yelp by Val D.)

Waiola Shave Ice
1050 Ala Moana Blvd
Honolulu, HI 96814
(Ward Warehouse)

Ono Seafood (Kaimuki, Honolulu)

I’ve only had excellent ahi poké in Hawaii, and nowhere else. It has to do with the absolute freshness of the ahi tuna, which the Islands have in abundance. The texture is smooth, almost buttery, the flavors clean and sweet. You could say it’s almost impossible to have bad poké in Hawaii. Ono Seafood on Kapahulu Ave is one of the best. Almost impossible to find, with no street signage and set back in a parking lot on the bottom floor of an apartment building (it’s the first lot mauka the Tesoro gas station), even the interior is tiny, awash in turqoise like you’re underwater. My favorite is #1, ahi poké which combines tuna, sweet onions, kukui nuts, limu, sesame oil, soy sauce and chile peppers. I had it for the first time in 2014, and now, almost two years later, it did not disappoint. Wonderful.

Ahi poke

Ahi poke

Ono Seafood
747 Kapahulu Ave
Honolulu, HI 96816

Hawaiian Amaebi

Amaebi is prized for their sweet flavor and for their use in sushi. They are caught off the shores of several Hawaiian islands. I saw these sweet shrimp at the Maunakea Market Place in Honolulu’s Chinatown and at the KCC Saturday Market.

amaebi - 1 (1)

Black Swans of Byodo-In Temple (Kahaluu, HI)

The hundreds of koi in the ponds surrounding Byodo-In temple have always been an incredible sight, but in my mind, the impression left by black swans floating above the fish is more extraordinary.

Banzai Pipeline (Pupukea, HI)

There’s nothing more mesmerizing than watching the huge, crashing surf at Ehukai Beach on Oahu’s North Shore, more commonly known as the Banzai Pipeline. Our traveling party sat on the warm sands, digesting our shrimp from Fumi’s and chocolate-haupia pie from Ted’s Bakery, when a dog came trotting along the swash, not in the least bothered by the turmoil close by.

Chickens and Dirt: How Hurricane Iniki Produced One Kauai Icon and Exploited Another

Few would argue Hurricane Iniki was nothing less than a horrible natural disaster. It struck mainly the island of Kauai in the summer of 1992, leaving behind a path of destruction and caused almost $2 billion in damage. It was the most powerful storm ever to hit the Hawaiian Islands in recorded history, becoming a Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds up to 145 mph.

Iniki also inadvertently affected Kauai in two interesting ways.

The Garden Isle is known for its reddish earth. The iron oxide in it literally rusts from the prodigious rainfall that typically befalls Kauai. The soil is responsible for giving Waimea Canyon its distinctive color. In fact, waimea in Hawaiian means ‘reddish water.’

waimea canyon

The rust can perniciously and permanently stain furniture and carpeting. For that very reason, the townhome where we were staying asked guests to remove their shoes before entering. The soil can also tarnish clothing, as a silk screen company discovered when its inventory of white T-shirts was ruined by Iniki. But, as they say, necessity is the mother of invention. Shrugging its shoulders, the company decided to use the red dirt as a dye. The shirts became an instant success, the company now called Red Dirt Shirts. Would you believe that one bucket of dirt is enough to ‘stain’ 500 shirts?

iniki - 2

Visitors will see these shirts all over Kauai.

That’s not all they’ll see. Strange as it seems, there are wild roosters and hens all over the place—yes, feral chickens. Brightly colored, they make you wonder where they came from. When Iniki laid waste to Kauai, it tore apart the island’s chicken coops and loosed the birds into the wild. They’ve been proliferating ever since, now numbering in the thousands. Generally, islanders ignore them though some regard them as pests. Others have suggested that the chicken be Kauai’s ‘official’ bird. If nothing else, they feast on Kauai’s giant centipedes about whose sting famous island tour book author Andrew Doughty writes in The Ultimate Kauai Guidebook: “You won’t die (but might wish you had.)”

iniki - 1

Waimea Canyon (Waimea, HI)

waimea canyon

(click to enlarge)

I know I was bowled over when I first laid eyes on Waimea Canyon more years ago than I care to count. I was no less impressed when I saw it again yesterday. Nicknamed Grand Canyon of the Pacific for obvious reasons, it is a testament to the power of water erosion and faulting. The view above is from the Lookout in Waimea Canyon State Park. Waipo’o Falls can be seen at the extreme left.

The Tree Tunnel of Koloa (Kauai, HI)

This one-mile-long canopy of eucalyptus trees lines Maluhia Road north of Koloa and Poipu, a beautiful grand entrance to Kauai’s South Shore.